Agriculture, art, science, and industry of managing the growth of plants and animals for human use. In a broad sense agriculture includes cultivation of the soil, growing and harvesting crops, breeding and raising livestock, dairying, and forestry (see Animal Husbandry; Crop Farming; Dairy Farming; Forestry; Poultry Farming; Soil Management).
Modern agriculture depends heavily on engineering and technology and on the biological and physical sciences. Irrigation, drainage, conservation, and sanitary engineering—each of which is important in successful farming—are some of the fields requiring the specialized knowledge of agricultural engineers.
Agricultural chemistry deals with other vital farming concerns, such as the application of fertilizer, insecticides , and fungicides, soil makeup, analysis of agricultural products, and nutritional needs of farm animals. Plant breeding and genetics contribute immeasurably to farm productivity. Genetics has also made a science of livestock breeding. Hydroponics, a method of soilless gardening in which plants are grown in chemical nutrient solutions, may help meet the need for greater food production as the world’s population increases.
Farm Power And Farm Mechanisation:- The farm machinary lab is one of the most importent part of agricultural engineering.Here are some equipments of agricultrural engineering which are shown below:
Equipment:- Tractor,Primary and secondry tillage equipment and seed drill these Equipment are used for tillage and showing equipments to save time and for higher production.
Soil and water conservation lab:-To measure the intencity of rain and make bund to reduce erocion.In the field so that production may increase.
Equipment:- Tractor,Primary and secondry tillage equipment, seed drill rainguage,Bund former.
Irrigation and dreinage lab:- Here we measure the flow of water for irrigation efficiency and how much water given to the field should be predetermined.
Equipment:- Current meter,weir,notchchannel etc.
Post harvest technology lab:- Here we learn about fertilizing and harvesting of crops with the help of various agricultural machines.
Equipment:-Milling machine,grinding machine etc.